The Lion And The Unicorn by George Orwell
This is an essay by George on socialism expressing his opinion on the way things were during wartime in the Great Britain. It was first published in the year 1941 February 19. The essay expressed its opinion that the system in Britain class was outdated and hence affecting the effort on war and that the in order need to defeat the Nazi German, Britain needed socialists revolution .due to that George argued that, being a patriot and a socialist were complementary as a result the lion of the unicorn became a factor of the revolution which could create the new type or kind of socialism and a new form of brutishness and keep the royal family as national symbol. Orwell also discussed how England could undergo the new revolution without interfering with the culture just like other nations. He continues to argue that post-war in British should undergo new reform of democratic socialism unlike in ancient times when socialism could coexist alongside the idea of patriotism. Orwell also argues that there should be equal distribution of income. In that the income one gets should not exceed 10 times that of other countrymen. He also goes on to argue that education system be reformed along democratic line, since he argues that there is no British institution that could act favorable in terms of ruling apart from the education system. all this Orwell aims at achieving a common production ground, equal wage and a democratic reform of the system of education. This essay seeks to summaries the content the essay by George and how he empathize socialism.
Orwell begins by giving the specific of the origin of the threat by Nazi. He continues to recognize that the threat do not come from the ones making the weapon or operating them but from the wealthy, elite class, Hitler Orwell discusses extensively the (stupidity) of the British elite and those in power. He discusses the rise of great power between the great Hitler and Mussolini. All this aims at doing away with the issue of patriotism and embarrass socialism. He described how England and its culture is that made it undergo the new revolution. He describes the culture as a beer which is bitter and a coin which is heavier. This list of various England’s culture is evident enough as he focuses on the crowd in town with knobby facial expression, gentle manners as well as bad teeth. Orwell argues that their culture is somewhat different from the England because England culture builds up the commonness of the citizens and the belief in liberty becomes the second most important binding factor as well as being a characteristic of gentleness. He also credit England since they upholder marching. In his view he it was a great manifestation of national culture. Secondly Orwell argues that England’s culture on economy is different since England is not defined by the class of money people. England prospered in unity because of this kind of revolution. In context England was victorious in various warfare due to the support of the low class elites. But this was not so after some time since other countries like Germany upholds hierarchy and the opinions of the low class elite were not considered. However George majorly focused on bad decision than the good decision.
In conclusion, the essay by Orwell outlines clearly the fundamental and important keys of national socialism. By looking at the social history of England, Orwell argues that the binding factor was the involvement of low class elite who contributed a lot in the National Socialism and were the culture by England upholds. He opposes the influence of the elites, as he rules out their participation in achieving National Socialism. He believes that England could win wars by embracing national culture as well as involvement of the low social class.