Gender Roles (Essay Sample)

Gender Roles

Gender is the array of characteristics to pertain or distinguish between femininity and masculinity. Depending on the contexts, these properties may be including biological sex (the state of being female or male or an intersex variation which may be complicating sex assignment), sex found social structures (includes gender roles and alternative social roles), or gender specification. Some cultures are having particular gender roles that can be contemplated distinct from male and female, such as the chhaka (hijra) of Pakistan and India. A sexologist known as John Money established the terminological contrast between gender as a role and biological sex in the year 1955. Before his findings, it was unusual to be using the word gender to be referring to anything grammatical groupings. Money’s meaning however did not become common until 1970s, when feminist theory was embracing the concept of variation social constructing of gender and biological sex. Currently the variation is strictly followed in some setting usually the social sciences and documents listed by the World Health Organization. In alternative settings, including some subjects of social sciences, gender is including sex or replacing it. For example, in researching non human animal, gender is usually used to be referring to the biological sex of the animals. This alter in the meaning can be found in the 1980s. The United States’ Food and Drug Administration (FDA) was starting to use gender instead of sex in the year 1993 (Mazure & Jones, 2015). Gender identity is referring to individual identifying with certain gender and gender roles in the society. This essay seeks to describe the gender roles and its significance in the society.

Gender Identity

Gender identity, is the experiencing of one’s gender by an individual. Gender identity can match with assigned sex during birth, or can be differing from it totally. All societies own a set of gender classification that can be serving as the basis of the forming of a person’s social identity in relating to other members of the community. In most communities, there is a ground breakup between gender features assigned to females and males, a gender binary to which most individuals are adhering and which is including expectations of femininity and masculinity in all aspect of gender and sex: gender expression, gender identity, and biological sex. In all communities, some people are not identifying with some or all details of gender that is assigned to their biological sex. Some of these individuals are gender queer, or transgender (Pega et al 2017). Some communities are having third gender bracket. By the age of three, the core gender identity is usually forming. After the age of three, it is truly difficult to alter and attempting to reassign it can bring about gender dysphoria. Both social and biological factors have been suggested to be influencing its formation. Several theories describing about how and when gender identity is forming exists and the study of the subject is difficult since children are lacking language will be requiring researchers to be making assumptions from direct evidence. John Money was suggesting children might be having awareness of, and attaching some impact to gender from the beginning of eighteen months to two years.

Gender Roles

A gender role is a collection of societal norms that dictates the types of behaviors which are normally considered desirable, appropriate, or acceptable basing people on their actual or perceiving sexuality or sex. Gender roles are normally centered on the perception of masculinity and femininity, although there are variations and exceptions. The specifics that regard these gendered outlooks may be varying to a large extent among societies, while alternative traits may be usual throughout a span of cultures. There is unfinished discussion as to what reach gender roles and their differences are biologically established, and to what reach they are socially built. Different groups, most commonly the feminist movements have been leading efforts to alter features of prevailing gender roles they believe to be inaccurate and oppressive. In 1955, John Money created the term gender role during the course of studying intersex persons, describing the ways in which these persons are expressing their status as female and male in a state where no comprehensible biological task was existing. Some of the societal norms includes; acting, speaking, dressing, grooming, and conducting oneself basing upon assigned sex. For instance, women and girls are expected to be wearing dress, speaking politely, nurturing, and accommodating while men and boys are expected to be wearing trousers, to be bold, strong, and aggressive. However these gender roles can be varying in every society, culture, and ethnic groups, and can also be varying from group to group. Gender roles can also vary from time to time in some society. For example, the blue color was used to be considered a feminine color while pink color was considered masculine color in the United States (Mazarin, 2017).

Importance of Gender Roles in the Society

Gender complementarity and uniqueness means that each gender has a special contribution to society, work and interpersonal interaction that other gender cannot be filling in its entirety. Here, men and women are bringing special and complementary gifts, skills, talents, and abilities to relationships to the society, to one another, and to work. Acknowledging gender variations is helping children in learning more effectively. Major changes begin occurring early in children’s development. These variations are traced throughout the life of a child. Girls like co-operating more than boys and like competing less. Girls are caring more about playmates’ feelings and are good in reading other’s emotions better than boys. Boys on the other hand are more self serving. For instance, they are having a harder time to learn in sharing and they are acting up more and are less likely to become team players in school. Men and women are living a healthier and happier when they are acknowledging and celebrating their respective gender variations. People who are having a secure gender identity tend to be leading a healthy and happier life. Those individuals who are gender confused tend to be having more emotional, mental and psychological issues than those who have healthy gender make up. Some of the gender confused individuals include; trans-sexual, bisexual, and transgender. The masculine gender is an important aspect of fatherhood and children who are raised by a devoted father tend to be doing better in life. The feminine gender is also an important aspect of motherhood and children who are also raised by devoted mothers tend to be doing even better in life.


In conclusion, gender is the array of characteristics to pertain or distinguish between femininity and masculinity. Gender is an important part of the virtuous human experience because it is bifurcating into complementary and separate groups, which has a great influence on one’s abilities in understanding and relating to others. Gender roles are needed in making the gender variation complementary and real. Furthermore, the particular gender roles will be shifting from time to time and social environment reasons.


  • Mazure M. Jones P. (2015). Twenty years and still counting: including women as participants and studying sex and gender in biomedical research. Retrieved from
  • Mazarin J. (2017). Gender Roles in Society: Definition & Overview. Retrieved from
  • Pega F. Reisner S. Sell R. Veale J. (2017).Transgender Health: New Zealand’s Innovative Statistical Standard for Gender Identity.  American Journal of Public Health, 107(2), p217-221
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