Effects of Personality and Motivation on Sport Performance
Personality refers to sum characteristics put together making each person unique from others. Every individual has unique traits irrespective the parent or the surrounding peers. The effect personality has on sport performance is an interesting areas of specialization which has drawn the attention from many quarters. Quite specifically, psychologists have advanced the study in this area to explore whether an individual’s personality directly has an effect on personality. For instance, athletes demonstrates unique set of behavior during intense sport competition. In regards to this, it is justifiable that sport participation and the quality of performance are factors of personality. Moreover, an individual’s personality determines reaction towards certain situations, moods and emotions. Finally, personality influences various aspects of sports beginning from selection process since sports activities need individuals with proved mentality to reach their potentials goals. These paper will explore the effects of personalities and motivation on sport performance based on various psychologists’ theories.
It is imperative to consider the interaction between the personality traits and situation. Most probably, strong situational factors and motivation are more likely to predict behavior rather than personality. For instance, calm athletes are prompted to scream and demonstrate erratic behavior the moment they emerged the winner in the competition. Similarly, during a penalty shoot-out in football match, intense motivation from spectators could influence the outcome. In regards to this, sport performance is influenced positively through motivation and personality.
The theory suggests that personality is a combination of conscious and the unconscious. The instinctive drive is the primary unconscious part of personality. In most cases, the instinctive drive is attributed to doing things without thinking. Obviously, instinctive drive action is seen when a sprinter at the starting line in a competition unconsciously begins to feel threaten by the immense expectation riding on their nerves. Such unconscious feelings induce their muscles to tremble and freeze through high anxiety. Ego is the most important conscious part of personality. Super is another more conscience part that influences individual’s performance in sport. These two vital part is commonly seen when a footballer is reluctant to take a penalty shoot-out for the fear of disappointing the down. The conscious part of personality can influence an individual to perform extremely well for the purpose of raising to a higher ranks in sports. However, lack of motivation and the overwhelming fear of disappointing the team may negatively influence the performance sport activities.
The trait theory suggests people are born with their unique characteristics passed down in their genes from their genes. It describes continuous quality possessed by individuals such as sociability, determination and leadership. The theory concisely elaborate why people behave in certain ways in a given situation. For instance, nervous and impatient person is likely to succumb and crumble under the intense pressure. Nervousness and the impatient behavior could undermines the potential of a footballer from a scoring a penalty kicks during a big match. However, when the player is motivated and encouraged, then the performance would positively change. There are other personalities who are gifted differently. Usain Bolt is a practical example of trait theory with an outgoing sociable personalities. His bags of confidence during competition aids his performance in sports whereas other feels intimated and fail to stretch their full potentials in sports. In conclusion, personality and motivation has great impacts on individual’s performance in sports. Sociable personalities with bags of confidence are capable of performing extremely better in a global with many viewers. Similarly, motivation during participation has great potential to influence the general outcome in sports.