Define Environmental Science
The continued research on the origins, effects, and solutions to global warming is one of the reasons why the demand for people who are experts on environmental science is increasing. Environmental science refers to the study of the environmental settings including natural and unnatural events. It seeks to know more about the interactions among its numerous physical aspects and how they can be good or bad for the planet. Additionally, environmental scientists can take diverse viewpoints with different levels of regard for human needs versus flora (plant) and fauna (animal) needs. Environmental science is generally a branch of knowledge about environmental settings and its scientists are involved mostly in studying hazards in the surroundings apart from participating in the public health sector.
As a scientific body, environmental science uses integrated and quantitative methods in analyzing environmental systems. It uses experiments to gather facts and form or understand concepts about biological and physical aspects of the natural world. First, it is about environmental conservation which is vital to people’s life. People need clean air, water, and fertile land to live and environmental science is concerned of these issues too. It likewise tries to find sustainable ways of living by determining how to efficiently use resources. Some possible ways of efficiency are increasing the value of resources and using proper techniques to explore and extract resources. Second, environmental science is a body concerned of the interactions between humans and natural systems. It studies how people and nature affect each other for the benefit of protecting both. While people are important, nature is significant too because this is where everything lives and depends on. Hence, while environmental science appears like it is studying the surroundings only, it is also after resolving pollution and other related problems at the local, regional, and global levels.
Though highly quantitative, environmental science is also an integrated field.
Students of environmental science require a rigorous, interdisciplinary training to become skilled in their practice. They must have a solid foundation of biological and physical natural sciences plus training on conducting integrated analysis of nature. Some of the sciences used are biology, physics, geography, oceanology, and geology. Environmental science can also extend to environmental studies as well as engineering branches with topographical considerations. Furthermore, one can also see environmental science as a contributor to social sciences since it wants to understand how humans are harming or helping their environment. Environmental scientists must have people skills if they are communicating with non-experts and want to advocate social changes that will improve biodiversity and natural conservation.
The work of environmental scientists is diverse with emphasis on pollution and public health. Their scientists perform research to determine, control, and remove pollutants of the environment which harm humans too. They collect and analyze air, water, and soil samples, or use the data collection of other people, and then create reports and present them to stakeholders. Environmental scientists may also craft plans to prevent or control environmental problems, such as water pollution. They want to ensure the health of the people. They can act as advisers of officials and companies aside from helping companies follow environmental regulations.
Environmental science is a complex body of knowledge that intends to help humanity learn about proper ways of living on earth and using its limited resources. It also analyzes environmental patterns including weathers and climates that affect people and other living things. Central to it are interactions and their various effects on humans, flora, and fauna. Environmental science offers vital information about the current and future state of the surroundings and advice on how people can be better vanguards of nature.